David Kiziria: Blockchain Technologies To Reduce Corruption In Ukraine
David Kiziria, an expert in blockchain technologies and cybersecurity is now an adviser at Ukraine’s presidential administration. For David, the development of blockchain technologies marks the advent of a new era that brings decentralization to all aspects of both private and public life. Previously the state had a monopoly to possess the overall information of its citizens, now the right to rule the data, so to say, passes to people. David was among those who launched the ProZorro system: an electronic platform for public procurement, bidding and auctions throughout Ukraine. Before that he was implementing reforms in Georgia. The reforming process aimed at making the Georgian state an effective provider of public services. However, he believes that this technology is already outdated. David advises his Ukrainian colleagues not to borrow the experience of their neighbors blindly. He believes a state should be more than a service provider for its citizens. David thinks that nowadays the state should transform into a sort of a marketplace, a platform for business people and social initiatives to launch their own projects. It’s great time to restructure Ukraine’s state system, considers David Kiziria.
“Our country's administrational system has developed in the 18-19th centuries, to be more exact – in the late 19th century. It is based on the technologies which are now outdated. Present-day scientific developments are quite different, they make us more active and flexible. Administrative reforms based on modern technologies are to be implemented in any country. Many prosperous states replaced the centralized form of state management with a federative system. It concerns such countries as the USA, Germany and Great Britain, which is also a federation in its essence. There is no other way to make your state develop and prosper, you either create a centralized state or provide self-governance to local communities. And with nowadays technologies we can establish self-governing community on a city level. Such a “horizontal” system of power distribution existed in Ancient Greece, an autonomy of such kind will surely influence not only economic, but also political ties between the regions. The state system we used to know will cease to exist, it will change”, said David Kiziria in his interview to Blockspoint.
He said, in the first place, blockchain technologies should be used for compiling all sorts of state registers, budgets, land registries, holding auctions, tenders, etc. These procedures are already open for the public control, and the implementation of blockchain technologies will make them even more transparent.
“Blockchain ousts mediators from the state system and, thus, saves time and expenditures, as well as reduces corruption risks. Corruption is a result of a problem, not the problem itself. It arises when officials obtain too much power and can make biased decisions. But a blockchain-based system will just analyse the data and provide you with a definite result. Obviously, you can’t offer a bribe to a computer. So, these technologies can be used in all fields where a state has to control its cash flow. Blockchain can be also effectively implemented in spheres such as education, social services and health care”, said David Kiziria.
He is cautious, however, when it comes to using blockchain in elections. He advises to use such technologies for candidates’ registration or vote counting, but not during the voting itself.
“As for me, I’m against implementing blockchain technologies for online voting from personal devices. Authoritarian regimes can fake the results of such elections either through backdoor manipulations, or by influencing a voter himself. We should thoroughly consider the ways to implement blockchain technologies in election procedures”, said David Kiziria.
Vira Maliy, Blockspoint